Seminarians who come to study at the St. Joseph Freinademetz House of Philosophy in northern Ghana find themselves strangers in their new neighborhood. The St. Freinademetz Formation House is located in Malshegu, a Muslim-dominated community in Tamale in the northern region of Ghana. The people of this area are Dagombas and their land is called the Dagbon traditional area, with Dagbanli as their language.
Although the formation hours and the seminary are located here, almost all of our vocations come from outside this area. Most of our Ghanaian seminarians are from the southern part of the country. The few from the north are not from the Dagbon traditional area. This means that all our seminarians are alien to the Dagbon culture and language, and so we wanted to institute a program to help the seminarians insert themselves into the worldview and culture of the area.
The Launch of the Village Immersion Program
We called this endeavor the Village Immersion Program, or VIP for short. The VIP is a language and cultural learning formation program for our seminarians. It teaches them to cultivate the basic skills and techniques needed to learn the language and culture of our Dagbon neighbors. The VIP helps the seminarians learn to enter in a fruitful dialogue with other cultures and religions. The program is inspired by the missionary service at the heart of our order as spelled out in our Constitutions, which state, “To carry out our mission in a worthy and effective manner, we make every effort to master the language of the people and become familiar with their history and culture” (Cons. 120. 1). Because mission is the goal of formation, we establish programs such as the VIP to instill the missionary spirit in our seminarians right from the beginning of their studies.
The Village Immersion Program helps seminarians appreciate the culture of our neighbors here in Ghana and prepares them to live among new cultures in the future, depending on where they are assigned. Again, this adheres to our Constitutions: “Following the principles of the gospel, we respect the customs and habits of the people among whom we work, avoiding every derogatory criticism and comparison” (Cons. 120. 2).
How the Village Immersion Program (VIP) Works
The Village Immersion Program starts with preparation at the formation house. The seminarians learn the Dagbanli language in a mandatory two-year course as part of their academic curriculum. The Sunday apostolate program they follow during the academic year is also part of the preparation. After the academic year closes and the seminary goes on vacation, a three-day intensive orientation program begins. An expert in the local culture and language is invited to lecture on techniques for entering into the Dagbon life and speaking Dagbanli.
From the surrounding villages we recruit people to serve as helpers and to host the seminarians in their homes for one month. These helpers act as teachers and guides once the seminarians are in the village. As part of the workshop session during the orientation, the helpers talk with the formation staff and meet the seminarians they will be hosting in their homes. The helpers share their experiences of hosting and teaching previous seminarians in the VIP and spell out their expectations for the coming group. During these three days the seminarians and helpers get to know one another, and friendships are built. This can defuse a lot of fear and anxiety in the seminarians before they leave for the village.
Immersion in the Villages
Immediately after the preparatory workshop, the seminarians go to the villages to start the program.
Their helpers are there to welcome and assist them in adjusting to their new environment. After a day or two, the seminarians are sent to the village chief to introduce themselves and to inform the chief about their mission. The chief welcomes the seminarians and assures them that he supports the program and wishes for its success. Having been welcomed into the village by the chief, the seminarians now become members of the community. As part of the welcome ritual, the village chief often gives the guest a Dagbon name to signify he is now one of them. The community will call the seminarian by this name, which assists in the integration process.
In the villages, the seminarians and their helpers plan their daily schedules with an eye toward the teaching and learning process. The process involves theory and practice. What the seminarians learn from the helpers as theory, they go out daily to put into practice as “doing.” Much emphasis is placed on interaction with the people of the community. To foster this interaction, the seminarians visit villagers in their homes. These visits build a bond with the community and help the seminarians understand the Dagbon culture. The visits also give the seminarians an opportunity to practice speaking Dagbanli.
During their time in the VIP the seminarians will participate in community cultural activities such as infant naming ceremonies, marriages, festivals and funerals. As a supervisor of the VIP, I make weekly visits to the houses where the seminarians are staying, provide them with their food allowance and address any challenges that may occur.
At the end of the program, the seminarians return to the formation house and give reports of their experience. We use these reports to prepare the next program for the following year.
The Sunday Apostolate
At the beginning of a new academic year, we reassign the immediate past VIP “graduates” to Sunday apostolate in the villages where they had their training. This program has a twofold purpose: to serve as a follow-up program for the most recent VIP graduates and to serve as a preparation for the seminarians who will participate in the next VIP session at the end of the academic year. For the graduates, it offers the opportunity to practice and perfect their language skills and deepen their relationships with the people. The bonds of friendship built during their one-month stay in the villages are strengthened by regular Sunday visits for the whole of the academic year. The language of friendship is not words but meanings.
Benefits of the VIP
This language and cultural learning program benefits our formation house and the life of our seminarians in many ways. The VIP offers these seminarians the skills to learn a new language and to enter a new culture. Through this program the seminarians learnt to appreciate and better understand the culture and worldview of their new neighbors, the Dagomba people. This program also opens the door to respect the cultures and languages of all people around the world.
The VIP helps our students appreciate inter-religious dialogue. The Malshegu community is mostly Muslim, and a cordial relationship exists between the Muslims and the Christian minority. This openness teaches our seminarians and the locals that in spite of cultural and religious differences, we can live and work as one people.
This is proved time and time again by our Muslim helpers who open heartedly accept our students into their lives and homes. With these seminarians living and working within the local community, the program naturally builds strong bonds of friendship.
By extension, the St. Freinademetz Formation House also makes friends. To celebrate these friendships, one Sunday during the second semester we invite all the helpers and their wives for a meal in the formation house. In turn, the helpers ask staff and seminarians to join their family special occasions.
The Village Immersion Program gives our seminarians first-hand experience of what mission is and what to expect when they become missionaries. It is there, at the beginning of formation, where future missionaries acquire their needed skills.
Want to learn more about how our missionaries are prepared for their apostolic work? Check out our digital resource "Impact on Education: Divine Word Missionaries Empower the Poor and Marginalized."